Diseases caused by Air Pollution on human health


Diseases caused by Air Pollution

The presence of harmful substances in the atmosphere is called air pollution, which is one of the biggest problems affecting human health and life in a big way. In an increasingly progressive modern world, large-scale industrial development, which is increasing day by day, is one of the major causes of air pollution. Polluted air spreads to the atmosphere and is contributing to the spread of disease caused by air pollution.

Pollution continually spreads destruction throughout the ecosystem and, in addition to humans, it also affects the lives of plants and animals. Due to air pollution, the sun's harmful rays on earth are affecting the environment because polluted air prevents heat from returning to the sky. Air pollution is contributing to the spread of various fatal diseases that increase mortality.

"Disease caused by air pollution" is directly related to heart and brain disease. According to research, if the density of dust particles in the air decreases by 10 micrograms, then the life span of a person increases by 0.78 percent per year, while the total life span is increased by 15 percent. The amount of PM 2.5 is considered a sign of excessive contamination, increasing the risk of various diseases.



Air pollution: the threat to a healthy life

Polluted air is a major threat to the healthy living of living things on Earth, because of its various adverse effects, such as global warming and climate change, which have very negative effects on human health. Air pollution spreads in the environment through smoke leakage, dust mites, etc. and then it affects the health of people in the form of various diseases.

People are spreading dirt so fast day by day, especially in big cities, because the city environment is being polluted in large quantities. Smoke and polluted gases from industries, vehicles, etc. also contribute to air pollution. In addition to polluting gases, some natural pollutants such as pollen, dust, soil particles, etc. are also sources of air pollution.


Air pollution: the threat to a healthy life


An increasing number of diseases related to Air pollution.

One of the main causes of air pollution are gases such as carbon monoxide and nitrogen. In addition to this, smoke from cars, buses, and trucks are also the leading causes of illness caused by air pollution. These gases and particles pass through the person's lungs into the blood and become a health hazard.

According to recent research, exposure to polluting particles has seriously affected human health. Air pollution is the main cause of obstruction of the respiratory system and brain diseases, as well as a heart attack.

Earth's temperature increases due to air pollution because of the effect of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide on the atmosphere increase due to heat from the sun that can cause further damage to health.

The sudden rise in temperature also leads to various diseases like diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, headache, fever, and body ache. Due to the increase in the amount of dust and dirt present in polluted air, most people have several types of skin diseases.



Lung disease-:
Pollution has a profound effect on our health. This increases asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including diseases like chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

Air pollution has a very bad effect on the human body. Allergens and chemicals in the air cause various diseases. The most common examples of diseases caused by polluted air are respiratory diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, skin diseases, COPD, eye irritation, etc. Air pollution is the main cause of lung diseases,

Apart from this, many types of allergies also concern people. The elements of contamination increase during the summer season. An airborne suspended particulate matter (RSPM) overdose can be dangerous to health as it is the cause of many respiratory illnesses.


Cancer-:
Air pollution increases the risk of lung cancer. The fact has already been recognized that there is a direct correlation between polluted air and lung diseases like asthma. Recent studies have shown that there is a deep correlation between air pollution, lung cancer, and various cardiovascular diseases.

 Although smoking is considered a leading cause of lung cancer, many people have succumbed to cancer due to the pollution present in their environment. Chlorofluorocarbon gas released from the refrigerator is damaging the ozone surface in the environment, increasing the risk of skin cancer (melanoma).

Smoking and air pollution are the main causes of the rapid increase in outbreaks of lung cancer, tumors, and tuberculosis worldwide. People who live in small, narrow homes that do not have access to sunlight and air, or go to work where smoke, dust, cotton fiber, or various metal particles present in the environment cause lung cancer.


Heart disease-:
Long-term exposure to carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, and sulfur dioxide increases the risk of a heart attack. This risk can affect 0.5 to 4.6 percent of the population.

Chest pain, phlegm, shortness of breath, loss of voice when breathing, and sore throat can also be symptoms of breathing polluted air into the environment. People with a weak heart are easy targets for air pollution.

Cardiovascular disease is caused by the weakening of the heart muscle and the inability to circulate blood in the body. The reason for the increased risk for people with heart disease is breathing long, contaminated air. As the heat increases, so does the air pollution in the city. Air pollution is also associated with an increased incidence of coronary stroke.


Brain disorder-:
Air pollution can also affect the functioning of the brain of people who live in meters. The researchers have overemphasized the fact that nanoparticles are found in the brains of people living in big cities or subways due to air pollution.

Air pollution has become a new health risk today. Air pollution was previously believed to be responsible for heart and respiratory disease, but according to new research, air pollution in large, congested cities causes millions of pollution particles to enter our brains. In tests done on some people's brains, it was found that millions of magnetic pulp particles have been found in a million brain tissues. These particles can cause long-term damage to our brains.

Most of the magnetites found in the human brain, the main form of the magnetic iron oxide compound, are formed due to the large amount of polluted air emitted by industries. When patients with Alzheimer's disease were examined, doctors found that those patients had high amounts of magnetite present in their brains. Evidently, this research has revealed new environmental risks associated with brain disease.


Renal disease-:
Due to air pollution, people had to face problems like asthma and difficulty breathing, but now, according to recent research, it has also become the cause of kidney-related diseases. This suggests that air pollution increases the chance of developing membranous nephropathy (a kidney disease that can occur on its own or with many other diseases), which is the leading cause of kidney failure.


The threat to pregnant, unborn and newborn women.

The time between pregnancy and delivery is considered the most important for any woman. There is always a type of danger to the child's health before and after birth.

According to gynecologists and child specialists at major hospitals, if pregnant women spend their lives in polluted air, they are always at risk for various diseases, including encephalopathy, asthma, and inefficient brain development. If a pregnant woman continuously inhales contaminated air, the fetus can also die. According to doctors, the power to fight pneumonia and disease in these women's children weakens.


Diseases caused by Air Pollution


Global situation of Air pollution.

In countries of the world where air pollution is at the highest level. The World Health Organization (WHO) has included India among the countries with the highest concentration of air pollution. As claimed by the World Health Organization, 13 of the world's 20 most polluted cities are in India.

According to the World Health Organization report, air pollution is closely related to heart disease, respiratory diseases, and cancer. According to economists at the University of Chicago-Howard and Yale, air pollution in India is much higher than normal standards. 4 out of 10 children due to air pollution in Delhi have chronic asthma problems in children older than 2 years. The problem of bronchitis in children below 15 years has also increased in Delhi.


The conclusion

Poisonous air is making people sick. Every year, more than 3 million people worldwide die from air pollution. Most deaths occur in Asia. According to Professor Johannes Lilleveld, director of the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry in Germany, very small dust particles, which are also somewhat toxic, reach the lungs in the form of toxic substances that have devastating effects.


Air pollution has become the greatest threat to human life due to the increase in population in various cities and subways. Therefore, it is necessary to take appropriate measures to raise awareness of the dangers of air pollution and breathe healthy air. Patients, children and the elderly, who are accustomed to the lifestyle-related to the disease, fall into the category of high risk. These people should not stay in a highly polluted environment for long and wear masks.

Aside from this, they should also avoid extensive excessive outdoor activities. Every time they leave the house, they must cover their faces and heads and leave. Sunglasses should be worn to protect the eyes from sunlight. Reducing air pollution in the world is the duty of all citizens who live on planet Earth.


Sources
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_pollution_in_the_United_States

https://climatekids.nasa.gov/air-pollution/

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