50 Important Facts About Air Pollution

 

 Air Pollution Facts

The air we breathe is becoming poisonous day by day. Air pollution has a devastating effect on health and the environment. Air pollution is slowly causing so many deaths worldwide. Humans, animals, birds, and plants have to face serious problems due to the mixing of harmful substances in the environment.


What is Air Pollution?

"Air pollution" is caused by the presence of harmful gases, dust, smoke, chemicals, odors and other microscopic particles in the atmosphere. Air pollution is usually caused by pollutants such as carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and nitrogen oxides emitted by industries and motor vehicles. Breath and dust particles reach the lungs through the breath, which can cause many diseases.

According to World Bank estimates, in 2019, 6 million people are affected by diseases related to air pollution outside and inside the house. The present situation is even more frightening and worrying. Here we are talking about some shocking facts about air pollution which will help you to know the root cause of this problem:


Some Important Facts Related To Air Pollution.

Some Important Facts Related To Air Pollution.

  1.  Air pollution has become one of the biggest threats in the world in terms of premature death
  2. .According to data published by the World Health Organization (WHO), 1.4 million people die in India every year due to pollution. On average, two Indians are killed every minute because of contaminated air.
  3. Some of the most polluted cities in the world are in India. Patna and New Delhi are the most polluted cities in the world in terms of risk with PM5 levels.
  4. PM is a very fine particles (particles) that are present in air pollution. They are so small that they reach the lungs through the respiratory tract and lead to respiratory diseases such as asthma. Apart from this, they also give rise to heart-related diseases.
  5. Air pollution and climate change are widely interconnected and must be addressed simultaneously.
  6.  Earth's temperature is rising, along with gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, wreaking havoc on the atmosphere with heat emanating from the sun.
  7.  Air pollution has increased the risk of acid rain (acid rain) that damages crops, trees, buildings, and historic buildings.
  8.  If we continue to breathe contaminated air, there is a danger of reducing the duration of our lives in many years.
  9.  Coal-based power plants account for 50 percent of pollution in India.
  10.  The fuel we use today emits a large amount of carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, etc. in the environment, which poses the risk of seriously contaminating the air.
  11. Air pollution includes both natural and human causes. Natural sources include storms, forests, fog, smoke produced by the fire in forests, hydrogen compounds from plants in the forest, pollen and swamps, and methane gas emitted by the decomposition of substances, etc.
  12.  On the other hand, the human causes of pollution are included, that is, industrialization, combustion processes (eg, combustion in domestic operations, vehicles, and thermal energy), industrial manufacturing, molecular energy, use of pesticides in operations agricultural and solvent use, smoking, etc.
  13.  Industrialization is due to pollution of the atmosphere such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, hydrocarbons, lead, chlorine, ammonia, dust, radioactive material, arsenic, beryllium, etc.
  14. Some of the common causes of air pollution include smoke from vehicles, dust particles and fumes from industrial units, smoke from burning trees in forests and burning coal and oil in industrial processes, etc.
  15.  In domestic combustion, heat is generated by burning coal, wood, cow dung cake, kerosene, etc., which generates gases of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, etc. At the same time, gasoline and diesel are used in vehicles such as motorcycles, scooters, trucks, buses, diesel train engines, etc., which produce hydrocarbons and nitrogen in the atmosphere.
  16.  Smog and mud cause fog in winter, which reduces natural visibility and irritates the eyes and makes breathing difficult.
  17. An effective way to save India from pollution is to adopt natural gas. It is necessary to commit to eliminating pollution and making India free of contamination.
  18.  Pollution kills 100 million mammals and more than 1 million seabirds every year.
  19.  Pollution results in many respiratory problems such as asthma, bronchitis, lung cancer, and heart disease. The contamination affects the lungs because the entire respiratory system is affected.
  20.  80% of lung diseases are caused by the contamination of cars, buses, trucks and other vehicles.
  21.  May cause blindness and hearing problems. After a long time, contamination can also cause genetic mutations.
  22.  Pollution and small ash particles also cause skin-related diseases.
  23.  Some gases reach the atmosphere and reduce the thickness of the ozone layer. The ozone layer absorbs the harmful rays of space. The ozone layer acts as a shield for us, but when there is a decrease in ozone thickness, it can cause serious illnesses such as skin cancer.
  24. Air pollution causes the decomposition of buildings, metals, and monuments. The Taj Mahal also suffers the threat posed by the Mathura oil refinery.
  25. The low level of oxygen in the atmosphere is also fatal for organisms because a lack of oxygen will cause respiratory problems in living beings.
  26. Waiting hours during traffic jams, external pollutants surround your car, which increases your chances of death due to a heart attack.
  27. People who live near high traffic roads have a higher risk of contracting diseases caused by air pollution, such as cancer, heart disease, asthma, and bronchitis.
  28.  Smoke-free stoves and solar energy techniques should be encouraged.
  29. By 2035, the atmosphere will be so poisoned by air pollutants that life will be difficult without an oxygen kit. People will begin to look many years older than their age.
  30.  Factories should be away from urban areas and such technology should be used to absorb most of the smoke and waste materials and gases cannot be found in excessive quantities.
  31. Efforts should be made to minimize smoke emanating from vehicles.
  32.  Education on population growth must be properly managed to prevent population growth from progressing.
  33.  To avoid urbanization, employment, craft industries, and other facilities should also be available in towns and cities.
  34.  Children suffer more the risk of toxic air pollution due to small size and low lung capacity.
  35. Air pollution also affects dolphins and is prone to black lung disease.
  36. The absorption of chemical substances and gases from factories has a negative effect on animals, crops, and trees.
  37.  Clean fuels such as natural gas are a good option to reduce pollution. Natural gas emits very small amounts of particles that are harmful to the environment.
  38. There is nothing wrong with buying a large car, but it is a big mistake not to drive your car according to the cleaning standards.
  39.  Natural gas is definitely the cleanest flammable fossil fuel. It is readily available and emits fewer pollutants and also keeps the air pollution level low. Gases such as CNG, PNG are cheap and are not harmful to the lungs.
  40. Cycling is also one of the best ways to reduce air pollution.
  41. We cannot stop the use of fuel since a large part of the industry is working with them, but we can definitely opt for clean energy sources.
  42.  Electric vehicles do not emit harmful gases.
  43.  Uncontrolled deforestation must be stopped. Every human being, the government, and non-governmental organizations should contribute to prevent the destruction of forests and participate in large plantation programs.
  44.  Cities must have an efficient sewerage system for the disposal of residual materials.
  45.  Children should be awakened to avoid air pollution.
  46.  Awareness of air pollution prevention should be disseminated through media such as television, radio and print publications, etc.
  47.  prosperity in India by giving cleaning equipment to the next generation. We should rely on CNG / electric vehicles, shared trips and public transportation.
  48.  People should wear masks to protect themselves from air pollution.
  49. According to what we understand, our negligence in the future will cause regret and we will soon see the day when there will be no clean air to breathe.
  50.  Just think once we have to spend the night with an oxygen kit. What if we have to be careful with each breath? Will our life be limited to a few kilograms of oxygen?

Conclusion

According to the report, the global effects of air pollution not only cause premature deaths but also harm health and make it difficult to enjoy a normal life. The ill-effects of pollution also include infectious diseases. Infectious diseases represent two-thirds of their effects.


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